Located in the Chiniot District of Punjab, Wal11 grows its own Mandarines in thousand Acres of farmlands in Lalian. Mandarines, locally referred to as the “Kinnu”, are small citrus fruit resembling other varieties of Oranges. Wal11 grows 10 different varieties of Mandarines which are categorized based on their sizes.Mandarins are smaller and oblate, rather than spherical, like the common oranges (which are a mandarin hybrid). The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger. A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its size, and pebbly-skinned. The peel is thin, with little white mesocarp, so they are usually easier to peel and to split into segments. Hybrids generally have these traits to a lesser degree. The mandarin is tender and is damaged easily by cold. It can be grown in tropical and subtropical areas.
Oranges from Wal11’s farms are packaged in standard 10kg boxes. The sizes of the oranges represent the number of oranges that can be fitted into a single box. 42 is the largest size available meaning that 42 of these oranges weigh 10kg with one orange having an average weight of 42kilograms.
After the fruit has fully ripened, farmers harvest these oranges and place them in standard reusable 20kg boxes to be shipped to the processing plant. To harvest your oranges, simply grasp the ripe fruit in your hand and gently twist it until the stem detaches from the tree. If the fruit is too high, use a ladder to climb as far up as you can and shake the branches to loosen the fruit.
Once waxed, the oranges are sent through a sizing machine. The sizing machine separates them according to the 10 size profiles so they can be packaged. This electronic fruit grader is efficient and precise. It’s widely used for grading apples, pears, persimmon, onions, lemons, mango, pomelo and other round fruits. It is controlled by PLC, and is highly intelligent.
Cold Storage and Packaging
The oranges are then packed in their respective boxes before cold treatment. Packaged oranges are kept in the cold storage at 4 degrees C for 12hours to set in the preservatives. They are then shipped off in horizontal refrigerators to their destination with one of the companies partner logistics providers.
Unlike some other fruits and vegetables, oranges do not continue to ripen after they have been harvested. That makes it important for only mature fruit to be picked. Additionally care should be taken to avoid damaging the peel when picking the fruit because oranges with damaged peel will degrade and lose quality much more quickly than intact oranges. What follows is a description of some key cooling and storage facts.