"Mango" The King of Fruits
The mid-year season is in full stream. Ostensibly, the most anticipated period of the year carries with the most alluring organic product, which is called mango. Mangoes are marked as the “superfruit” in the organic product world.
Mangos are being developed everywhere throughout the world in surplus adds up to fulfill the regularly expanding needs of the general population for this natural product. As per a study was done by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations in 2012, an expected 42 million metric huge amounts of mango creation was recorded.
The atmosphere which suits the mango development is the tropical atmosphere. Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand all appreciate the mango in its characteristic structure as extraordinary measures are taken for their development.
Pakistan develops mangos in high sums. According to the review of the UN done in 2012, Pakistan created just about 2 million metric tons worth of mangos. As we are going ahead, the requirement for mango is additionally expanding. The city of Multan is prestigious for its creation of mangoes. The quality being delivered in this piece of Pakistan is best in class. Various assortments of these distinguished natural products are seen being sold on various trucks, organic product markets, general stores. When the summers hit, you see the lively yellow shading everywhere.
Types of Mangoes
Almaas, Alphonso, Anmol, Anwar Rataul, Baganpali, Chaunsa (the most liked & juicy), Saleh Bhai, Saib, Shan-e-Khuda, Desi Ada Pamato, Desi Badam, Desi Gola, Desi Badshah, Dilkash, Fajri, Toofan, Wanghi, Zafran Gulab Janhu, Gulab Khas, Lahoti, Lal Badshah, Langra, Maldah, Muhammad Wole, Nawab Puri, Neelum, Rani Phool,Chok anan, Collector, Dusehri, Sindhri, Saroli, Sawaranika, Taimuria.
Some of the most famous mangos are:
Anwar Rataul is one of the most consumed type of mango in Pakistan. It is named after Rataul, a village near Baghpat district in Uttar Pradesh. It has a very sweet, distinct taste. Having a fibreless flesh, this type is greatly enjoyed by the people in Pakistan. It is readily available in the months of June and July. Mostly found in the province of Punjab.
The most wanted in the list of mangoes is Chaunsa. Chaunsa mangoes are cultivated mainly in the regions of Multan and Sahiwal in Pakistan. Its rich fragrance, sweet taste, juicy taste and fibreless flesh makes it the best of the lot in the mango world. The Chaunsa season starts at the end of June and goes on till the mid of August.
The Sindhri mango is originated from the regions of Mirpur Khas, Sindh. It has a fine, fibreless texture, with an oval shape. Its peak season is between the mid of June-July.
Another type of mango which is very famous is Langra. Originated near Benares, it has a skin which is slightly green in color, with a thin texture. It’s mostly seen in the month of July. Its size ranges from medium to large.
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Picking should be done when the fruit is fully developed and mature. A natural drop of the fruit is the main indication that the fruit is ready for picking. Different varieties in different areas ripe at different times. In Sindh, mango varieties start ripening from May to June. In Punjab ripening starts from June and continues upto mid-August. In NWFP, the harvest is a later which helps to extend the period that mangoes are available. Expected yields vary from 40 to 100 kg per tree.
Mango usually assumes a graceful dome shape shading the main trunk. No pruning is practiced however, annually after fruit harvest diseased, dried, broken branches and those touching the ground should be pruned off. To rejuvenate the orchard after every 3-4 years it is advisable that 15-20% of old wood should be removed.
Leading Commercial varieties
– Annual Crop Water Demand: 500-750 mm
– Irrigation intervals:
Young plants 7 days
Mature trees in winter 15-20 days
Mature trees in summer 8-10 days
- Apply farm yard manure at the rate of 10-30 kg per young plant and 80 to 100 kg per full grown tree.
- Apply 3-4 kg SSP, 2-3 kg Potassium Sulphate and 2-3 kg Urea before flowering (Dec to Jan).
- Apply a further 2-3 kg Urea after fruit setting in two equal doses (Mar/Apr).